I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now.
Christ had many other things to tell His disciples but they could not take them in. He knew that there was a certain progress in learning before advanced truth can be received. He never overwhelmed the disciples with His teaching, He only gave them what they could handle at the time.
Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.
The presence of the Holy Spirit convicts the world of coming judgment. The fact that He is on the earth means that the devil has already been condemned at the cross and that all who refuse the Saviour will share his awful judgment in a future day.
Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more;
Christ claimed to be righteous, but people said He received His power from the devil. The Holy Spirit witnesses to the fact that Christ was right and the world was wrong. Jesus was not born in sin, did no sin, and did not die in sin but came from God.
Of sin, because they believe not on me;
The Spirit convicts the world of the sin of failing to believe on Christ. Christ was worthy of belief and there was nothing about Him that made it impossible for individuals to believe on Him. But the world refused to believe and the Holy Spirit’s presence in the world is witness to their rejection.
And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
When the Holy Spirit would come, He would convict the world in respect of sin, righteousness, and judgment. This means He creates an inward awareness of these things in the life of the individual sinner. The Holy Spirit is here in the place of a rejected Christ and this is why He convicts the world.
Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.
No matter what the disciples of Christ would face, they would not be left without help and comfort. Christ would send the Holy Spirit to be their Helper. It was to the advantage of the disciples that the Helper should come. He would empower them, give them courage, teach them, and make Christ more real to them than He had ever been before. The Helper would not come until Jesus went back to Heaven and was glorified. Once the Holy Spirit came, He would be with them as long as they were on the earth.
But because I have said these things unto you, sorrow hath filled your heart.
The disciples were more concerned with their own future than with the future of Christ. Before Jesus lay the cross and the grave and before them lay persecution for their service to Christ. They were filled with sorrow over their own troubles rather than over His. It is easy to lose focus, if we do not keep our eyes on Christ.
But now I go my way to him that sent me; and none of you asketh me, Whither goest thou?
Jesus seemed to express disappointment that the disciples were not more interested in what was ahead for Him. Although they asked in a general way where He was going, they had not seemed too interested. It would be easy for them to doubt all that Jesus told them because it seemed almost impossible for all that they were told to ever come to pass. But no matter how difficult it is to believe, all that Christ said will eventually happen.
But these things have I told you, that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them. And these things I said not unto you at the beginning, because I was with you.
The Lord had warned the disciples in advance, so they would not be moved by afflictions, when they happened. They would remember that Christ had predicted persecution, so they would know that it was all a part of His plan for their lives. The Lord had not told them much about this earlier because He was with them. There was no need to trouble them or to cause their minds to wander from the other things He had to teach them. But now that He was leaving them, He must tell them of the path that lay ahead for them.
They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service. And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me.
Excommunication from the synagogues was considered, by most Jews, to be one of the worst things that could happen. Yet this would happen to those Jews who were disciples of Jesus. The Christian faith would be so hated that those who sought to stamp it out would think they were pleasing God. This shows how a person may be very sincere and zealous, yet very wrong. Failure to recognize the deity of Christ lay at the root of the matter. The Jews would not receive Him, and in so doing, they refused to receive the Father.