The shew of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves. Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings. Woe unto the wicked! it shall be ill with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him. As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.
In verse 9, the prophet begins a series of eight “woes,” two in this chapter and six in chapter 5. The first focuses on the people for partiality and for shamelessness. The second upbraids them for their wickedness, but promises blessing to the righteous remnant. One result of their sin is that they are being led by the inexperienced, immature, weak, and deceivers.