The LORD standeth up to plead, and standeth to judge the people. The LORD will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof: for ye have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the poor is in your houses. What mean ye that ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
In these verses, the LORD summons Israel to stand trial. The charges are leveled against them and He takes the rulers to task for enriching themselves at the expense of the poor. Since the verdict is “guilty,” the sentence is announced.