man hardeneth his face: but as for
the upright, he directeth his way.
The face of the wicked show that they are solidified
in their iniquity, but the upright, by being teachable, are safe and have their
witness shall perish: but the man that heareth speaketh constantly.
The false witness swears before God that they
will tell the truth, then they deliberately perjure themselves. The one who
listens carefully and answers honestly can give a testimony that can never be shaken
sacrifice of the wicked is
abomination: how much more, when
he bringeth it with a wicked mind?
God rejects the sufferings of unrepentant
sinners and He hates it even more when a gift is intended to manipulate Him to
condone, approve, or to bless some wicked scheme.
desire of the slothful killeth him; for his hands refuse to labour. He coveteth
greedily all the day long: but the righteous giveth and spareth not.
The one who is lazy is torn apart between their
craving for riches on the one hand, and their determination not to exert
themselves on the other. While they spend their time in a dream world of
unfilled hopes, the righteous works hard and earns money, so that they can generously
give to worthy causes.
Proud and haughty scorner is his name, who dealeth in proud
A name identifies what a person is – a proud
and arrogant boaster is known for being what they are, a proud and arrogant
keepeth his mouth and his tongue keepeth his soul from troubles.
Whoever can control their mouth saves
themselves from trouble.
A wise man scaleth the city of the mighty,
and casteth down the strength of the confidence thereof.
The wise Christian brings down a stronghold
with faith, prayer, and the Word of God. In spiritual conflict, wisdom can
accomplish what armed might is unable to do.
followeth after righteousness and mercy findeth life, righteousness, and
The point Solomon made here seems to be that
the one who pursues righteousness and mercy gets more than they bargained for,
in addition to righteousness, they will receive life and honor.
There is treasure
to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth
The contrast is between the dwelling of the
wise, where there is plenty of supply of all good things, and the house of the
foolish, where sin, waste, and extravagance leads to poverty.
It is better
to dwell in the wilderness, than with a contentious and an angry woman.
Solomon wrote that the discomfort, distance,
and loneliness of the desert are preferred to being cooped up with an angry,