The rod and reproof give wisdom: but a child left to himself bringeth his mother to shame.
In this proverb, the “rod” represents corporal punishment, while “reproof” represents verbal correction. These two forms of parental discipline imparts wisdom and does not warp the child’s psyche or emotional growth but gives them security and shows that they are loved.
The king that faithfully judgeth the poor, his throne shall be established for ever.
In judging a ruler, God is especially interested in whether they treat the poor considerately and without prejudice. If the king does so, God promises to establish their throne forever. There is only one king that meets the criteria – Jesus.
The poor and the deceitful man meet together: the LORD lighteneth both their eyes.
There may be a great gulf between the poor and the oppressor in human society, but they meet on a common level before God, as He is the One who gives light to their eyes.
If a ruler hearken to lies, all his servants are wicked.
If a ruler wants to be pampered, flattered, and comforted by pleasant news, then all their servants will treat them exactly that way – they will lie, flatter them, and tell them what they want to hear.
A fool uttereth all his mind: but a wise man keepeth it in till afterwards.
A fool vents all their feelings, but someone who is wise holds them back.
The bloodthirsty hate the upright: but the just seek his soul.
The wicked hate and seek to destroy the righteous, while the righteous seek to protect and save life.
If a wise man contendeth with a foolish man, whether he rage or laugh, there is no rest.
When someone who is wise argues with a fool, the fool will only respond with rage or laughter, as they will never be persuaded, and there will be no peace.
Scornful men bring a city into a snare: but wise men turn away wrath.
Scoffers set a city aflame, as they create turmoil by arousing and agitating people, and creating divisions among them. Those who are wise seek to avert discord and promote peace.
The righteous considereth the cause of the poor: but the wicked regardeth not to know it.
Righteous people take an active interest in the case of the poor, while the wicked are not interested in showing any such concern.
In the transgression of an evil man there is a snare: but the righteous doth sing and rejoice.
An individual who is evil is often snared in the net of their own sin. The righteous are happy because they do not have to fear the consequences of transgression, so they can sing and rejoice.