There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw teeth as knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from among men.
The generation described here is similar to the generation living today and to the one which will exist in the last days. They are fiercely oppressive. In their insatiable greed for wealth, they devour the poor and destroy the needy, as both of these groups take from, rather than, give to them.
There is a generation, O how lofty are their eyes! and their eyelids are lifted up.
The generation described here is similar to the generation living today and to the one which will exist in the last days. They will be full of pride and arrogance. They believe that they are self-made, self-sufficient, and self-righteous. All they are, have become, and will be is because of them.
There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness.
The generation described here is similar to the generation living today and to the one which will exist in the last days. They are self-righteous. These people are vile and unclean, yet they have no sense of shame.
There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother.
The generation described here is similar to the generation living today and to the one which will exist in the last days. They will be disrespectful to their parents – they will curse their father and show no gratitude to their mother. The hostility of young people towards their parents is one of the chief characteristics of a decadent society.
Accuse not a servant unto his master, lest he curse thee, and thou be found guilty.
In what seems to be an abrupt transition, Agur warned against slandering a servant to their master. The penalty would be that the curse that was pronounced against the servant, would come to pass on the accuser.
Two things have I required of thee; deny me them not before I die: Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me: Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.
These verses contain the only prayer in the book of Proverbs. The prayer is short, to the point, and contains two petitions, one covering spiritual life and the other, physical life. Agur wanted his life to be worthwhile and honest and he asked to be delivered from the extremes of poverty and riches.
Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar.
Agur continued his focus on the Scriptures, as he wrote of the absolute sufficiency of it. He stated that no one should dare to add their thoughts and speculations to what God has spoken. This proverb condemns those who give their own writings and traditions the same authority as the Bible.
Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.
Agur turns from the revelation of God in nature to His revelation in His Word. He asserts the infallibility of the Scriptures and wrote of the security of all who trust in the God of the Bible.
Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son’s name, if thou canst tell?
By a series of questions, Agur sets forth the greatness of God as He is revealed in nature. The questions describe – 1.) God as having access to the heights and depths of the universe where no one can follow, 2.) God’s control over the massive power of the wind, 3.) God’s might in containing the waters, 4.) God’s establishment of the boundaries of the land masses, 5.) our inability to understand God fully, but we do know that His name is Jehovah and His Son’s name is Jesus Christ. From this last question, all of mankind can know and understand that God has a Son, and He is revealed in the New Testament as Jesus Christ.
I neither learned wisdom, nor have the knowledge of the holy.
Agur does not profess to have learned all wisdom or to have found God by human reasoning. He recognized that he did not have the power in himself to attain the knowledge of God.